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LTO Violation And Penalties

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It is critical to be aware of traffic offenses and penalty fees. It will help you become a better driver since you will know what to avoid when driving.

Knowing the appropriate fines and penalties also involves knowing what to say and do if you are captured. To assist you, we will now explain the LTO fines, infractions, and penalties in the Philippines.

A Land Transportation Office (LTO) infraction can occur in a variety of regions and categories. Some offenses are connected to the driver (not wearing a seatbelt, not wearing a helmet, etc.), while others are related to number plates (plate tampering, improper installation, and more).

The LTO may also levy a fine if you are driving a faulty vehicle, which may have a faulty tail light, smoke-belching, and other issues.

Related: LTO Opens New Quezon City Licensing Center

Today, we’ll go over such cases in detail, including the fines levied for violations and how you can deal with them. Let’s get started.

Table of Contents

 

Complete list of LTO Violations, Fines, and Penalties in PH

License, Registration-related violations

ViolationsFines and Penalties
License, Registration-related
Driving without a valid licensePhp3,000
Driving with a suspended/revoked or improper licensePhp3,000 + 1-year disqualification from getting a driver’s license and driving a motor vehicle
Inappropriate driver’s license restriction codePhp3,000 + 1-year disqualification from getting a driver’s license and driving a motor vehicle
Holding and using fake or spurious driver’s licensePhp3,000 + 1-year disqualification from getting a driver’s license and driving a motor vehicle
Tourist driving with a foreign license beyond the 90-day periodPhp3,000 + 1-year disqualification from getting a driver’s license and driving a motor vehicle
Student driver driving without an accompanying license driverPhp3,000 + 1-year disqualification from getting a driver’s license and driving a motor vehicle
Fraud and falsities of fake and spurious OR/CR, plates, CPC, stickers, tagsPhp1,000 + Revocation of the franchise/CPC
Unregistered motor vehiclePrivate
Php2,000Private MC Owner
Php10,000For Hire Driver
Php2,0000

For Hire MV Owner
Php10,000

+ impoundment if violation has exceeded 1 month. To be released after fine payment and issuance of valid registration

+ impoundment for 1 year in case of undocumented engine with the engine confiscated

Fraud in MV registration or renewalPrivate and For Hire MV owner
Php3,000 + Impoundment and disqualification from getting MV registration for 1 year
Allowing an unauthorized or no-license driver to drive PUVFor Hire MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation
Failure to provide correct, complete, and updated operator information and other forms of misrepresentationFor Hire Driver
1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php1,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php1,000 + CPC cancellationFor Hire MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation
Failure to carry driver’s license, Certificate of Registration or Official Receipt (OR/CR) while drivingPhp1,000
No franchise/CPC or evidence of franchiseDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC

Driving without or invalid driver’s license

Make sure you have your driver’s license with you before leaving the house, business, or school. If you already know you’ve lost your license, don’t even think about driving.

It might also indicate that your license has expired, been suspended, or revoked, or that you have any other concerns.

Driving without a license can result in a Php3,000 fine if you are caught. If you drive without a licensed companion, you will be fined the same amount.

Driving with fraudulent OR/CR, CPC, etc

It goes without saying that fraud is against the law. That being stated, whether you’re a private or public driver, don’t try to utilize unlawful documents like OR/CR, CPC, plates, and so on.

Unregistered vehicle                             

If you drive an unregistered car, you might risk a fine of up to Php10,000 and a year in jail. The same is true for public transportation drivers and proprietors.

Driver-related violations

ViolationsFines and Penalties
Commission of a crimePhp10,000 + Confiscation of driver’s license and disqualification from getting one + impoundment of the vehicle
Not wearing a seatbelt1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php2,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php5,000 + 1-week suspension of driver’s license
Reckless Driving1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php3,000 + 3mo license suspension
3rd offense: Php10,000 + 6mo license suspension or revocation
Distracted Driving1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd offense: Php15,000 + 3-month driver’s license suspension
4th offense: Php20,000 + driver’s license revocation
Driving under the influence of alcohol and/or illegal drugsNo physical injuries committed:
Php20,000 to Php80,000 + 3mo imprisonmentPhysical injuries committed:
Php100,000 to Php200,000 fine + penalty stated in Article 263 of the Revise Penal CodeHomicide committed:
Php100,000 to Php200,000 fine + penalty stated in Article 249 of the Revise Penal Code

*Non-pro license to be confiscated and suspended for 12 months for 1st conviction. Perpetually revoked on 2nd conviction.

Pro license to be confiscated and perpetually revoked on 1st conviction and will be disqualified from getting any driver’s license.

Not wearing a helmet1st offense: Php1,500
2nd offense: Php3,000
3rd offense: Php5,000
4th and succeeding offenses: Php10,000
Wearing a substandard or helmet without an ICC sticker1st offense: Php3,000
2nd offense: Php5,000
Hiring a reckless, discourteous, insolent, or arrogant driver1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Trip cuttingDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
No “No Smoking” sign or allowing personnel/passenger to smoke inside the vehicleFor hire driver
1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php1,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php1,000 + CPC cancellationFor hire MV owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation

committing a crime

If you commit a crime while driving, you will be fined Php10,000, your car will be seized, your license will be taken, and you will be prevented from ever receiving one again.

Failure to use a seat belt

Safety should always come first. However, it appears that not many people are aware of this – so much so that the LTO had to develop a violation for drivers who do not wear a helmet.

Those who break the regulation may face a fine of up to Php5,000. Drivers who seat 6-year-olds or younger in the front seat will face a similar punishment. Their license will be suspended for a week as well.

Dangerous Driving

Another guideline designed to increase safety. Drivers who are reckless and do not practice safe driving may face a fine of up to Php10,000 and having their license suspended for up to 6 months.

Driving while distracted and driving under the influence

Driving should be done with complete concentration for your safety and the protection of others on the road. Distracted driving or driving under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs can result in severe penalties. Even more serious if you commit other crimes as a result of it, such as homicide or bodily harm.

Failure to wear a suitable helmet

Motorcyclists, take note. You should know by now how crucial it is to wear a helmet while riding. If you don’t, the LTO will remind you by imposing a fine ranging from Php1,500 to Php10,000 if you don’t wear this safety gear.

Furthermore, wear the correct helmet, preferably one with an ICC badge, which guarantees that the helmet is of excellent quality and complies within the requirement. Failure to wear the proper helmet may result in a Php3,000 fine for the first violation and a Php5,000 fine for the second offense.

Hiring inexperienced drivers for PUVs, as well as trip cutting

Operators who hire reckless, discourteous, insolent, or arrogant drivers face a fine of up to Php15,000 and the loss of their CPC.

Trip cutting is also illegal and may result in a Php15,000 fine for the operator.

Smoking in a public vehicle

Public transportation vehicles should have a sign reminding both passengers and employees not to smoke inside. If they continue, both the driver and the motor vehicle owner may face fines and even CPC cancellation.

Road-related

ViolationsFines and PenaltiesIllegal parkingPhp1,000Driving in areas not for traffic or parking is not allowedPhp1,000Disregarding traffic signs and rulesPhp1,000Not dimming the headlights when another vehicle is approachingPhp1,000Illegal turnPhp1,000Illegal overtakingPhp1,000Overtaking at unsafe distancePhp1,000Cutting an overtaken vehiclePhp1,000Failure to give way to an overtaking vehiclePhp1,000Increasing speed when being overtakenPhp1,000Overtaking when left side is not visible or clearPhp1,000Overtaking upon a crest of a gradePhp1,000Overtaking upon a curvePhp1,000Overtaking at any railway grade crossingPhp1,000Overtaking at an intersectionPhp1,000Overtaking on “men working” or “caution” signsPhp1,000Overtaking at no overtaking zonePhp1,000Failure of the vehicle on
the left/right to yield the right of wayPhp1,000Failure of the driver of any
vehicle upon the highway within a business or residential
district to yield the right of wayPhp1,000Failure to stop before traversing a “through highway” or
railroad crossingPhp1,000Failure of a vehicle entering
a highway from a private road or driver upon a highway to
yield the right of wayPhp1,000Failure to yield the right of way to ambulance, police or fire
department vehiclesPhp1,000Failure to yield the right of way at a “through highway” or a
“stop intersection”Php1,000Failure to give a proper signalPhp1,000Illegal turn – failure of the driver of Motor Vehicle intending
to run to the right at an intersectionPhp1,000Illegal turn – failure of the driver of a vehicle intending to
turn to the leftPhp1,000Failure to stop motor and notch handbrake of Motor Vehicle
when unattendedPhp1,000Unsafe towingPhp1,000ObstructionPhp1,000As per LTFRB MC No. 2022-004:

* Wearing of slippers
* Not wearing uniform
* No “No Smoking” sign
* Overloading
* Failure to give fare discountsDriver
Php1,000

MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPCColorum violation: A PUV operating

without a proper authority from LTFRB;
outside approved route;
differently from authorized route;
expired CPC and w/o application for extension of validity1st offense
Bus: Php1,000,000
Trucks: Php200,000
Jeeps: Php50,000
Vans: Php200,000
Sedan: Php120,000
Tricycle: Php6,000

+ 3-month impoundment

+ Revocation of entire CPC where the vehicle belongs to (except if it has private/green plate)

+ Vehicle to be blacklisted and all other authorized PUV units included on the CP

+ Revocation of registration and other units in the franchiseFor PUJ, PUB, UV: No panel routeFor hire driver
1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php1,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php1,000 + CPC cancellation

For hire MV owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation

Illegal parking or driving in areas where parking is not allowed

There are signs indicating whether or not a parking space is available. Follow the guidelines or face a Php1,000 fine.

If you want to qualify for a 10-year driver’s license, make sure to strictly follow traffic rules, as minor infractions like this one could cost you the privilege of obtaining a license with a longer validity period.

Driving under the influence of alcohol and/or prohibited drugs

It goes without saying that you should not use drugs or drive while intoxicated, as this could endanger you and everyone else on the road, including other drivers and pedestrians.

Driving under the influence can result in physical injuries and even homicide, which can result in a fine of up to Php500,000 and the revocation of your license.

 

Disregarding traffic signs and rules

Everyone must obey traffic signs and rules. Failure to follow basic traffic rules such as making illegal turns, illegal overtaking, failing to give proper signal, yielding the right of way, and other violations can result in a Php1,000 fine.

Public vehicle rules as per LTFRB MC No. 2022-004

According to an LTFRB guideline, public vehicle drivers must wear the necessary footwear and uniform, give the appropriate discount, avoid overloading their cars, and post a no smoking sign. Failure to comply might result in a Php1,000 punishment for the driver and a Php15,000 fine and revocation of the MV owner’s CPC.

Colorum and no panel route violations

Colorums may risk a 3-month impoundment, as well as the revocation of their CPC and other penalties. No panel route is also illegal for PUJ, UV, and PUB. Owners might face a fine of up to Php15,000 and having their CPC revoked.

Passenger-related violations

ViolationsFines and Penalties
Allowing passengers to sit on the step-board, mudguard, or running boardPhp1,000
Having passengers on top of vehicle (except truck helper)Php1,000
Hitching or allowing a passenger or bicycle, motorcycle, tricycle, or skate roller to hitch to a motor vehiclePhp1,000
Motorcycle carrying more than 1 back rider or cargo other than luggage carriers, saddle bagsPhp1,000
Refusal to render service to public or convey destinationDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Overcharging/Undercharging fareDriver
Php1,000MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd offense: Php15,000
Not providing fare discountDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Not displaying fare matrixDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Picking and dropping passengers outside terminalDriver
Php1,000MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
For PUV: failure to require passengers to wear seatbelt/post seatbelt signagePhp3,000

Illegal passenger, cargo boarding

A driver may be fined Php1,000 if his or her passengers/cargo board and are located in prohibited areas of the vehicle.

Motorcycles carrying prohibited amount of passenger, cargo

Motorcycles should only have one passenger and should only carry luggage carriers and saddle bags.

Refusal to render service, overcharging or not giving fare discounts

Drivers and owners of public transportation vehicles shall not refuse to provide service or transport their passengers. Furthermore, they should only charge the correct fare and offer discounts to students, PWDs, and anyone who qualify. The fare matrix should be visible at all times.

Public cars that do not provide seatbelts to their passengers may risk a Php3,000 punishment.

Cargo-related violations

ViolationsFines and Penalties
Load beyond projected width without permitPhp1,000
Axle OverloadingFine amounting to 25% of MVUC
Bus/truck with cargo exceeding 160kgPhp1,000
Carrying illegal and/or prohibited cargoDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC

Overloading

Overloading public vehicles with people, axle overloading, bus/trucks carrying freight weighing more than 160kg, and loading beyond the anticipated width without a permission may result in a fine.

Number plate-related violations

ViolationsFines and PenaltiesImproper number plate installationPhp5,000Improper third-party stickers / tampering LTO stickersPhp5,000License Plates tamperingPhp5,000Unlawful transfer or use of legally-issued plates, stickers, or tagsPhp12,000Motorcycle driving with a child1st offense: Php3,000
2nd offense: Php5,000
3rd offense: Php10,000 + 1-month driver’s license suspension
4th offense: Driver’s license revocation

Improper number plate installation

A license plate serves as a one-of-a-kind identification for your car. This is why it is critical that you correctly install your license plate on your car.

Properly installing your plate also protects your car and other motorists from damage if it becomes disconnected. If you do not, you may be fined Php5,000.

 

Improper third-party stickers/tampering LTO stickers

LTO stickers were not affixed only for aesthetic purposes. It is critical that they are correctly placed and not tampered with. It is also illegal to apply unauthorized third-party stickers to your vehicle.

Violating such a rule will result in a Php5,000 fine.

License Plates tampering

Tampering with license plates or using unauthorized plates will result in a Php5,000 fine. The illegal plates will also be confiscated.

Unlawful transfer or use of legally-issued plates, stickers, or tags

It goes without saying that after you’ve been officially awarded a car plate or sticker, you can only use it. Simply put, unlawfully transporting such materials to other cars is prohibited.

If you break this law, you will be fined Php12,000 and your registration, plate, and official receipt will be suspended for two years.

Vehicle, Parts and Accessories-related

ViolationsFines and Penalties
Driving a vehicle used in crimePhp10,000 + Confiscation of driver’s license and disqualification from getting one + impoundment of the vehicle
Driving with defective lights, brakes, etc.Php5,000
Smoke Belching1st offense: Php2,000
2nd offense: Php4,000
3rd offense: Php6,000 + 1-year vehicle registration suspension
Not providing canvass cover to cargos or freight of trucksPhp1,000
Operating unit/s with defective parts and accessoriesDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPCPrivate MV Owner
Php5,000
Tampered, defective taximeter, not driving with on, or using an old seal taximeterDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Broken, tampered, joined, fake, reconnected, or altered sealingwireDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
No sign boardDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Not having fire extinguisher and Stop/Go signageDriver
Php1,000MV Owner1st offense: Php5,000 + 30-day impoundment
2nd offense: Php10,000
3rd and succeeding offense: Php15,000 + Cancellation of CPC
Unauthorized motor vehicle modificationPrivate MV Owner
Php5,000For Hire MV Owner
Php5,000+ Impoundment upon inspection, correction of defect and payment of fine
Operating a right-hand driver motor vehiclePrivate MV Owner
Php50,000For Hire MV Owner
Php50,000+ Impoundment until defect is corrected and deemed roadworthy and fine paid
Vehicle running with improper/defective/unauthorized devices, accessories, equipment and partsPrivate MV Owner
Php50,000For Hire MV Owner
Php50,000+ Impoundment until the accessory/device/equipment is removed or properly installed and fines paid

+ Confiscation of unauthorized accessory/device/plate.

Failure to provide proper body markingsFor Hire MV Owner
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation
For PUB and TX: Violation of color scheme or design / adoption or new color design without authority from the boardFor hire driver
1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php1,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php1,000 + CPC cancellationFor hire MV driver
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation
For PUJ, PUB, TTS, UV: Failure to display International Symbol of Accessibility and/or not designating seats for PWDsFor hire driver
1st offense: Php1,000
2nd offense: Php1,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php1,000 + CPC cancellationFor hire MV driver
1st offense: Php5,000
2nd offense: Php10,000 + 30-day impoundment
3rd offense: Php15,000 + CPC cancellation

 

Driving with defective lights, brakes, etc.

Always make sure your headlights are operating correctly. It will assist you and other cars around you stay safe at night.

Other components of your car that should be checked for correct operation to protect your safety on the road and avoid LTO infractions are as follows:

  • Lights: headlights, brake lights, etc.
  • Braking system
  • Horns
  • Warning devices
  • Blinkers
  • Wipers
  • Other accessories, equipment, and devices made for road safety

Smoke belching

Smoke spewing can endanger other drivers, pedestrians, and the environment as a whole. This is why emission testing exist.

If your vehicle is caught smoke-belching or emitting dark and harmful smoke, you could face a fine of up to Php6,000 and a one-year suspension of your vehicle registration.

Public vehicles with defective equipment

Broken, tampered, joined, fake, reconnected, or altered sealing wire; no signboard; vehicle running with improper/defective/unauthorized devices, accessories, equipment, and parts are all illegal, and both the drivers and operators may face a fine if apprehended.

 

Public/Private vehicles with unauthorized modifications

If a private or public vehicle has unauthorized modifications or a right-hand driver layout, the owner may face a fine.

Public vehicles with improper color, no accessibility sign

The color scheme and design of PUB and TX should be appropriate. Meanwhile, PUB, PUJ, TTS, and UV should have an international accessibility symbol and special seating for people with disabilities.

How to check LTO violations and demerit points?

Traditionally, you had to physically visit an LTO branch or satellite office to verify your infractions. You may now do it from the comfort of your own home by utilizing the LTO Online Portal (LTMS). The total amount of the fine will be displayed in both the online and offline methods.

What is a Temporary Operator’s Permit?

After your license has been taken due to a violation, a Temporary Operator’s Permit (TOP) acts as a replacement.

How long can you use the temporary permit?

The Temporary Operator’s Permit (TOP) is valid for 72 hours or three days. Because the temporary permit’s validity cannot be extended, you should have settled your fine or penalty by then.

Can a traffic enforcer confiscate my driver’s license?

While traffic officers can arrest you for breaking traffic laws, only an LTO officer and its deputized agents have the authority to take your license. The Republic Act 4136, often known as the Land Transportation and Traffic Code, governs this.

Can you contest traffic violations and tickets?

Yes. However, the procedure varies depending on which agency made the arrest. Essentially, you want to write an affidavit explaining what happened and submit it right away.

What is No Contact Apprehension Policy?

Instead of the usual traffic enforcers, the No Contact Apprehension Policy (NCAP) uses security cameras and other related equipment to apprehend road violators. More information may be found here.

How to settle LTO fines and penalties?

You can pay your fines and violations at LTO branches and satellite offices, or online at the LTO Online Portal. Here’s how you can pay for MMDA tickets online.

How long can I settle my violation?

Given that the apprehension has already been reported and encoded to the LTO-IT system, motorists have 15 days from the date of apprehension to settle their violation.

What happens to unsettled violations?

If the offense is not resolved within 15 days, the violator’s driving privileges may be suspended or revoked.

This is all you need to know about LTO infractions, fines, and penalties, as well as how to deal with them. If you have any further questions, please leave them in the comments section below and someone from the team or the community will respond.